born 19.02.1473 in Torun (Poland)
died 24.03.1543 in Fromborg (Poland)
Copernicus was a young polish astronom who manifested the current heliocentric world picture instead of the geocentric world picture from Tycho Brahe.
born 15.02.1564 in Pisa (Italy)
died 08.01.1642 in Arcetri (Italy)
Galilei invented the telescope and observed that Jupiter has 4 moons and that Venus has phases as well so that Venus must go around the sun and not around the earth.
He had huge problems and trouble with the church and has denied his theory to
born 17.12.1571 in Weil der Stadt (Germany)
died 15.11.1630 in Regensburg (Germany)
Johannes Kepler recognized that the planets orbits are elliptic and he discoverd the rules of the planet movements and calculated for the first time exactly this planets orbits in our solar system
(This led to the 3 rules called after his name Kepler).
born 04.01.1643 in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth (England)
died 31.03.1727 in Kensington (England)
The scientific basic rules for spaceflights have been founded by the very wellkown and
famous english scientist Isaac Newton in his 1686 published rules of actio and reactio. He proposed this principels to use it for flights in vacuum.
Alexander von Humboldt
born 14.09.1769 in Berlin (Germany)
died 06.05,1859 in Berlin (Germany)
Alexander von Humboldt, a german scientist, combined his investigations and explorations of the world and the univers with own journeys and he could named as the first european cosmonaut due to his several scientific journeys over 70 years where he explored the world under the view of integrated science and networking.
Johann Franz Encke
born 23.09.1791 in Hamburg (Germany)
died 26.08.1965 in Bezirk Spandau (Germany)