The project Apollo is the most popular and probably the best known spaceflight program until now and included up from Apollo 11 until Apollo 17 totally 6 Moonlanding missions.
This Apollo project has been already started by US president J.F.Kennedy in 1961, after the notice of Wostok 1 flight of Yuri Gagarin. with the clear goal of the first humen being landing on Moon.
On 20.July 969 teh first humen, Neil Armstrong walked on the Moon.
For this flights to the Moon , the NASA has to develop a totally new rocket with the SaturnV to make it possible to bring with one rocket the very complex Apollo spaceship, for three astronauts , containing three separat units (Apollo command Modul, Service Module and Lunar Module), into Orbit, to the surface of the Moon and back to earth.
The spacecraft has been the Saturn V rocket.
The Saturn V rocket has an altitude of 111 meters ánd a launch weight of 2950 mt.
Russia tried to develop as well a similar rocket for their Moon manned flight program, but the new planned rocket for that missions the rocket N-1 failed totally during 4 launch trials.
On the other hand, the russians invested to less money for this missions, had too much different missions planned with their Sojus spaceship, too many responsible persons involved after the much too early death of Sergej Koroljew in 1966.
So the russians could not focused in the same way as the americans on that manned Moonlanding mission and failed in that field totally until today.
After that fact Russia focused more and more their activities on the different Orbitalstations and is until today very successful with their Sojus program to reach now as the single nation the Orbital station ISS.
Apollo 1 to 6 (including Disaster 204)
Apollo 7 11.10.1968 Walter Schirra
Walter Cunningham first television transmission from Orbit
Apollo 8 21.12.1968 Frank Borman
William Anders first manned flight to moon, moonorbit
Apollo 9 03.03.1969 James McDivitt
Russel Schweickart first test of LM (Lunar Orbiter) in earth-
Apollo 10 18.05.1969 Thomas Stafford
Eugene Cernan second mission to moon together with
Apollo 11 16.07.1069 Neil Armstrong
Michael Collins first man on moon with Neil Armstrong
20.07.1969 and Edwin Aldrin
Apollo 12 14.11.1969 Charles Conrad
Alan Bean second landing on moon only 250 m far
from Surveyor-3 and visiting of space
Apollo 13 11.04.1970 James Lovell
Fred Haise due to explosion of O2-tank no moon
landing possibel, surviving in LM, flight
around the moon and back to earth
Apollo 14 31.01.1971 Alain Shepard
Edgar Mitchell third landing on moon, 2 km excursion from
LM with small vehicel
Apollo 15 26.07.1971 David Scott
James Irwing 3 excursions with LRV ( LunarRovingVehicle)
6 km far from LM and tv transmission from
LM with camera on LRV
Apollo 16 16.04.1972 John Young
Charles Duke 3 EVA`s by Duke and Young total 20h 17m
Apollo 17 07.12.1972 Eugene Cernan
Harrison Schmitt last manned moon landing of the
Apollo 18 to Apollo 20 planned but cancelled